Skip to main content

NDACAN Measure Details

Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS) Partner to Partner


Straus, M.A. (1990). Manual for the Conflict Tactics Scales. Durham, NH: Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire.

Straus, M.A. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The conflict tactics scales. Journal of Marriage and the Family. 41(1), 75-88. Retrieved from:

Straus, M. A. (1979). Family patterns and child abuse in a nationally representative American sample. Child Abuse and Neglect, 3(1), 213-225. Retrieved from:

Straus, M.A. (2006). Conflict tactics scales (CTS) sourcebook. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Family Research Laboratory. Retrieved from: