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NDACAN Measure Details

Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS)


Straus, M.A. (1990). Manual for the Conflict Tactics Scales. Durham, NH: Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire.

Straus, M. A. (2007). Conflict tactics scales. In Jackson, N. A. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of domestic violence (pp. 190-197). Routledge: Taylor and Francis Group. Retrieved from:

Straus, M.A. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The conflict tactics scales. Journal of Marriage and the Family. 41(1), 75-88. Retrieved from:

Straus, M. A. (1979). Family patterns and child abuse in a nationally representative American sample. Child Abuse and Neglect, 3(1), 213-225. Retrieved from:

Straus, M.A., Hamby, S.L., Finkelhor, D., Moore, D.W., & Runyan, D.K. (1998). The conflict tactics scales handbook (CTS2: Revised conflict tactics scales & CTSPC: Parent-child version). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.

Straus, M. (1990). Measuring physical and psychological maltreatment of children with the conflict tactics scales. In G. Kaufman Kantor & J.L. Jasinski (Eds.), Out of the darkness: Contemporary perspectives on family violence (pp. 119-135). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Retrieved from:

Straus, M.A. (2006). Conflict tactics scales (CTS) sourcebook. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Family Research Laboratory. Retrieved from: