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NDACAN Measure Details

Paulhus Deception Scales (PDS): The Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding


Paulhus, D. L. (1998). Paulhus deception scales (PDS) : The balanced inventory of desirable responding-7 : User's manual. North Tonawanda, N.Y.: Multi-Health Systems. Retrieved from: ht

Lanyon, R.I, & Carle, A.C. (2007). Internal and external validity of scores on the balanced inventory of desirable responding and the Paulhus deception scales. Education and Psychological Measurement. 67(5), 859-876. doi: 10.1177/0013164406299104

Paulhus, D. L. (1998). Interpersonal and intrapsychic adaptiveness of trait self-enhancement: A mixed blessing?. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(5), 1197-1208. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.74.5.1197

Paulhus, D. L., & John, O. P. (1998). Egoistic and moralistic biases: The interplay of self-deceptive mechanisms with basic traits and motives. Journal of Personality, 66(6), 1025-1060. doi: 10.1111/1467-6494.00041