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NDACAN Measure Details

Benevolent World Scale (BWS)


Janoff-Bulman, R. (1989). Assumptive worlds and the stress of traumatic events: Applications of the schema construct. Social Cognition, 7(2), 113-136. doi: 10.1521/soco.1989.7.2.113

McMillen, C., Zuravin, S., & Rideout, G. (1995). Perceived benefit from child sexual abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 63(6), 1037-1043. doi: