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NDACAN Measure Details

Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)


Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 24(4), 385-396. Retrieved from:

Hewitt, P. L., Flett, G. L., & Mosher, S. W. (1992). The perceived stress scale: Factor structure and relation to depression symptoms in a psychiatric sample. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. 14(3), 247-257. Retrieved from: