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NDACAN Measure Details

Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)


Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1987). BDI, beck depression inventory : Manual. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corp. and Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J. (1961). An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry. 4(6), 561-571. Retrieved from: