Skip to main content

NDACAN Measure Details

Home Stimulation Perception Questionnaire (HSP) - Short Form


The Home Stimulation Perception Questionnaire (HSP) measures students perceptions of how often their family members engage in vervistic activities at home. The HSP consists of 23 items which are rated on a five-point scale, from 1 (Almost never) to 5 (Almost always). The overall HSPQ score is the mean of the item responses.


Bailey, C. (1997). Physical stimulation and cognitive performance of low-income African American and European American school children: Conceptual, motivational, and practical considerations for educational research and practice.Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL:

Bailey, C.T. & Boykin, A.W. (2001). The role of task variability and home contextual factors in the academic performance and task motiviation of African American elementary school children. The Journal of Negro Education. 70(1/2), 84-95. Retrieved from:

Boykin, A.W. & Bailey, C.T. (2001). The role of cultural factors in school relevant cognitive functioning: Description of home environmental factors, cultural orientations, and learning preferences (Report No. 43). Johns Hopkins University and Howard University’s Center for the Education of Students Placed At Risk (CRESPAR). Retrieved from:

Boykin, A.W. & Cunningham, R.T. The effects of movement expressiveness in story content and learning context on the analogical reasoning performance of African American Children. Negro Education, 70(1/2), 72-83. Retrieved from: