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NDACAN Measure Details

Achenbach Teacher Report Form (TRF)


Designed to obtain teacher's perception of child's academic performance, adaptive functioning and problem behavior in a standardized format. The first section of the TRF requests relevant background information (6 items), ratings of academic performance (1 item), and ratings of four aspects of adaptive functioning (1 item each). The remaining 112 items comprise a problem behavior checklist. The TRF is a complement measure to the Child behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Youth Self Report (YSR). The problem behavior items measure three broad-band scales: Internalizing, Externalizing, and Total Problems, and eight syndrome scales that are identical to those in the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL): Withdrawal, Somatic Problems, Anxiety/Depression, Social Problems, Thought Problems, Attention Problems, Delinquency, and Aggression. The Internalizing scale is comprised of the Social Withdrawal, Somatic Complaints and Anxiety/Depression subscales. The Externalizing Problems scale includes the Delinquent Behavior and Aggressive Behavior subscales.


Achenbach, T. M. (Ed.). (1991). Manual for teacher's report form and 1991 profile. University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry. Retrieved from:

Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative guide for the 1991 CBCL/4-18, YSR, and TRF profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry. Retrieved from: