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NDACAN Measure Details

Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2)


The CTS 2 includes 78 items, half referring to the respondent's behavior and half to the partner's behavior. Using an 8-point scale, the respondent simply indicates how often each behavior has occurred. This produces "Self" and "Partner" scores for the following dimensions: Negotiation, Psychological Aggression, Physical Assault, Sexual Coercion, Injury.


Straus, M.A., Hamby, S.L., Boney-McCoy, S., & Sugarman, D.B. (1996). The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales: Development and Preliminary Psychometric Data (CTS2). Journal of Family Issues, 17(3), 283-316. Retrieved from:

Straus, M.A. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The conflict tactics scales. Journal of Marriage and the Family. 41(1), 75-88. Retrieved from:

Straus, M.A., Hamby, S.L., Finkelhor, D., Moore, D.W., & Runyan, D.K. (1998). The conflict tactics scales handbook (CTS2: Revised conflict tactics scales & CTSPC: Parent-child version). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.

Straus, M.A. (2006). Conflict tactics scales (CTS) sourcebook. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Family Research Laboratory. Retrieved from: