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NDACAN Measure Details

Child Exposure to Violence: Optional Questions


This measure refers to six questions contained in Things I have Seen and Heard that were not used at all LONGSCAN sites. LONGSCAN deleted six of the items from Richters and Martinez (1992) 20-item form because of human subjects concerns. Four of these related to the child’s personal experience of violence (items 6, 12, 14, 15) and two (items 10, 18) were related to adult behavior in the home that might be considered reportable as child abuse or neglect. At both Age 6 and Age 8, the EA, MW and NW sites administered the six optional items. The SO and SW sites did not administer these items.


Richters, J. E., & Martinez, P. (1992). Things I Have Seen and Heard: A structured interview for assessing young children’s violence exposure. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health.