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NDACAN Measure Details

Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)


Designed to measure self-reported symptoms associated with depression experienced in the past week. The (CES-D) includes 20 items comprising six scales reflecting major dimensions of depression: depressed mood, feelings of guilt and worthlessness, feelings of helplessness and hopelessness, psychomotor retardation, loss of appetite, and sleep disturbance.


Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385-401. doi: